Did you know that the EPA ranks indoor air pollution as one of the type five environmental health risks? In order to address these health concerns, it’s essential to have a good air filtration system installed in your home. So let’s take a look at the air filtration options you have for your home and how effective each option is at improving your home’s air quality!
A brief look at what’s in your air
The air in the typical home contains all kinds of particles, germs and gasses that come in a range of different sizes. These airborne contaminants are measured in units called “microns.”
The largest particles in your air (such as dust mites, pet dander and pollen) are mostly larger than 3 microns in size and are typically the most harmful to your HVAC system. The smallest particles in your air (such as bacteria, viruses and most gasses) are smaller than 1 micron in size and have the biggest impact on our health.
How can various home air filtration systems help improve indoor air quality?
- Standard 1” throwaway filters. These filters are common in homes because they are the cheapest option and are easy to install. However, they are only designed to remove the largest particles in your air that can affect the performance of your HVAC system. They do little to nothing to improve the health of the air in your home.
- Extended surface filters. These filters come with higher MERV ratings than standard throwaway filters, so they are able to trap more and smaller particles. The best filters in this category can remove some particles as small as 1 micron in size (but no lower), including a few large allergens like pollen and mold spores. However, the higher in efficiency these filters get, the more they block airflow to your system. In fact, some HVAC systems are not powerful enough to handle the highest efficiency filters in this category.
- Whole house air cleaners. Whole house air cleaners are not only better at removing particles than the two categories of filters above, but they can also operate without affecting your HVAC system’s airflow. This makes them one of the best options you have for improving your home’s air quality. The best whole house air cleaners can remove up to 99.98 percent of the allergens in your air, including particles smaller than 1 micron in size that affect the health of you and your family. They also do an excellent job at protecting your HVAC system from particle buildup.
- UV light air purifiers. UV light air purifiers are used in conjunction with other air filtration systems. That’s because they address the germs, viruses and gasses that air filters and air cleaners cannot remove. These systems help stop the spreading of illnesses in your home and protect your cooling coils from mold growth.
If you have any questions about home air filtration systems, or if you’d like a cooling system serviced or installed in your home, contact Hyde’s, your Indio air conditioning company.